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First approach based on direct ultrasonic assisted enzymatic digestion and capillary-high performance liquid chromatography for the peptide mapping of soybean proteins.

Research paper by Elena E Domínguez-Vega, Ma Concepción MC García, Antonio L AL Crego, María Luisa ML Marina

Indexed on: 14 Sep '10Published on: 14 Sep '10Published in: Journal of Chromatography A



Abstract

This work proposes, for the first time, the use of a high intensity ultrasonic probe to accelerate the tryptic digestion of soybean proteins. Different digestion parameters were optimized: protein extracting solution, reduction, and alkylation conditions (time, concentration, and temperature), trypsin:protein ratio, and ultrasonic conditions (sonication amplitude and time). Separation of peptide profiles was carried out by capillary-HPLC. The effect of the variation of chromatographic conditions (elution gradient, column temperature, and injection volume) on peptide separation was also studied using two capillary-HPLC columns with different column diameters and particle sizes. Moreover, samples were focused at the top of the column in order to obtain an increasing sensitivity without loss of efficiency. This method was successfully applied to the profiling of soybean peptides from transgenic and non-transgenic soybeans and from different pigmented beans commercialized as soybeans.