Finite-Temperature Charge-Ordering Transition and Fluctuation Effects in Quasi-One-Dimensional Electron Systems at Quarter Filling

Research paper by Hideo Yoshioka, Masahisa Tsuchiizu, Hitoshi Seo

Indexed on: 16 Mar '06Published on: 16 Mar '06Published in: Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons


Finite-temperature charge-ordering phase transition in quasi one-dimensional (1D) molecular conductors is investigated theoretically, based on a quasi 1D extended Hubbard model at quarter filling with interchain Coulomb repulsion $V_\perp$. The interchain term is treated within mean-field approximation whereas the 1D fluctuations in the chains are fully taken into account by the bosonization theory. Three regions are found depending on how the charge ordered state appears at finite temperature when $V_\perp$ is introduced: (i) weak-coupling region where the system transforms from a metal to a charge ordered insulator with finite transition temperature at a finite critical value of $V_\perp$, (ii) an intermediate region where this transition occurs by infinitesimal $V_\perp$ due to the stability of inherent 1D fluctuation, and (iii) strong-coupling region where the charge ordered state is realized already in the purely 1D case, of which the transition temperature becomes finite with infinitesimal $V_\perp$. Analytical formula for the $V_\perp$ dependence of the transition temperature is derived for each region.