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Fine structure effect among heavy-ion induced fission fragments at near and above barrier energies

Research paper by Amandeep Kaur, Manoj K. Sharma

Indexed on: 30 Jan '20Published on: 11 Jun '19Published in: The European Physical Journal A



Abstract

The fission decay analysis of 201Bi*, 206Po*, 212Rn*, 216Ra*, 227Pa* and 228U* nuclei produced in 19F-induced reactions at near and above barrier energies is carried out within the framework of dynamical cluster-decay model (DCM) based on quantum mechanical fragmentation theory (QMFT). The interplay between two modes of fission, i.e. symmetric (SF) and asymmetric (aSF), in the fission fragment mass distributions is investigated. For the present set of calculations the SF to aSF peak ratio is less than unity (\( \frac{P_{SF}}{P_{aSF}} < 1\)), which in turn suggests the dominance of asymmetric fission for above mentioned compound nuclei. The role of shell corrections and deformations of fragments in the fission dynamics is duly addressed. The calculated fission cross-sections show nice agreement with the experimental data, except for few energies above the Coulomb barrier. This disagreement is associated with the possible presence of non-compound nucleus (nCN) fission as higher energies are more prone to the nCN process. The study of fission fragment mass distributions is further extended to the isotopic analysis of above mentioned pre-actinide and actinide nuclei at common centre-of-mass energy \( E_{c.m.} \approx 80\) MeV near the Coulomb barrier. It is observed that the lighter isotopes exhibit symmetric fission distribution, whereas heavier ones prefer to decay via asymmetric path. A transition between SF and aSF occurs around fissioning nuclei with \( N/Z \approx 1.4\), showing the triple humped mass distribution suggesting comparable contribution of symmetric and asymmetric fission. Finally, the most energetic asymmetric light (\( A_L\)) and heavy (\( A_H\)) fission fragments are identified for a long isotopic chain of pre-actinide and actinide nuclei. Interestingly, the heavier asymmetric fission fragments are located near a proton number around \( Z=50\) for the pre-actinide region and \( Z=54\) for actinide nuclei.