Imported: 10 Mar '17 | Published: 27 Nov '08
USPTO - Utility Patents
A filter for a breathing device is flexible and can be manufactured in a simple manner. The filter includes a flexible frame (5) with a filter port (8) and with an end piece (9). The flexible frame (5) is provided between two filter mats (2, 3). The flexible frame (5) can be folded over along a bent edge (7) such that the filter port (8) and the second end piece (9) are arranged opposite each other.
This application claims the benefit of priority under 35 U.S.C. 119 of German Patent Application DE 10 2007 023 959.0 filed May 23, 2007, the entire contents of which are incorporated herein by reference.
The present invention pertains to a filter for a breathing device in the form of a breathing mask.
A breathing mask with removable filter is known from U.S. Pat. No. 5,732,695. A rigid frame, which has spacers arranged in a spoke-like pattern and a ring extending circumferentially on the outside, which is connected to the spacers, is provided as the carrier for the filter material. The frame has a connection adapter, with which the filter can be connected to the breathing mask. Both sides of the frame are lined with filter material, through which the breathing air enters the interior space of the filter, which interior space is formed by the spacers.
Even though the rigid frame has the advantage that the filter can be easily grasped and can be connected to the mask, the supporting properties of the breathing mask are compromised by the rigid filter frame, because shocks on the filter act directly on the breathing mask and the latter may slip as a result on the face of the mask user. In addition, the prior-art filter requires precise filter blanks, because these must be connected sealingly to the frame in the area of both the filter port and of the circumferential ring. Thus, small deviations in dimension of the filter blanks may lead to leaks at the connection seams. To obtain acceptable resistances to breathing, the spokes of the frame must be dimensioned such that the filter blanks of the front and rear sides of the frame do not touch each other. A slight vacuum is generated in the interior space of the filter during breathing in and a contact may develop in case the distance between the filter blanks is too small, as a result of which the passage area of the filter is reduced.
The basic object of the present invention is to provide a filter that is flexible and can be manufactured in a simple manner.
According to the invention, a filter is provided for a breathing device. The filter comprises a front filter mat and a rear filter mat. The front filter mat and the rear filter mat have essentially equal surface areas and are joined together along a circumference at a sealing edge. A flexible frame is provided between the front filter mat and the rear filter mat. The flexible frame defines an interior space. The flexible frame has a first end piece with a filter port, through which the interior space is accessible, and has a second end piece at an opposite end of the frame. The frame comprises a one-piece frame structure that can be folded over about a bent edge such that the first end piece and the second end piece are arranged opposite each other in such a manner that the first end piece and the second end piece keep the filter mats apart.
A compression spring may be provided for maintaining the first end piece and the second end piece at spaced locations from each other. The compression spring may be provided between the first end piece and the second end piece.
A connection area may be located in the interior space between the end pieces, the connection area comprising a sealing surface.
The second end piece may have a circular design with a centrally arranged first opening.
The front filter mat may comprise a printable cover mat and an activated carbon absorbent located under the printable cover mat and the rear filter mat may comprise a printable cover mat and an activated carbon absorbent located under the printable cover mat.
The advantage of the present invention is that the filter mats, which have essentially equal surface areas, are directly welded to one another at the circumference and the interior space between the filter mats is defined by the flexible frame, which can be folded over about a bent edge and whose end pieces keep the filter mats apart. One of the end pieces is designed as a filter port and the other end piece is positioned in the interior space opposite the filter port.
The compression spring is advantageously arranged between the filter port and the second end piece such that it keeps the filter mats apart. The filter mats receive a prestress acting from the inside due to the compression spring, so that they are arched convexly towards the outside and there is a sufficient distance between the filter mats at any point.
The connection area located on the inside between the filter port and the second end piece is advantageously designed as a sealing surface and the second end piece has a circular shape and has a first opening arranged centrally. The first opening, combined with the sealing surface, makes it possible to test the tightness of the breathing device. To do so, the user presses the second end piece from the outside, so that the user closes the first opening with the ball of his or her thumb. The sealing surface of the second end piece is now in contact with the filter port and the path of gas into the interior space of the filter is closed. By closing the first opening by means of the ball of the user's thumb, the filter is sealed against the environment. A certain vacuum is generated at the filter port during heavy breathing by the user and the tightness of the breathing device can thus be tested in the area of the filter port.
The filter mats advantageously consist of a printable covering mat with subjacent filter materials consisting of activated carbon. The absorption layers of the filter now advantageously lie on one another layer by layer.
An exemplary embodiment of the present invention is shown in the figures and will be explained in more detail below. The various features of novelty which characterize the invention are pointed out with particularity in the claims annexed to and forming a part of this disclosure. For a better understanding of the invention, its operating advantages and specific objects attained by its uses, reference is made to the accompanying drawings and descriptive matter in which a preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated.
Referring to the drawings in particular, FIG. 1 illustrates a longitudinal section of a filter 1 according to the present invention. The filter 1 comprises a front filter mat 2 and a rear filter mat 3, which are welded to one another along the circumference at a sealing edge 4 of a flexible frame 5 in the interior space 6 between the filter mats 2, 3, which is folded over at a bent edge 7. The frame 5 has, at its first end piece, a filter port 8 for connection to a breathing mask, not shown in FIG. 1, and a second end piece 9 arranged opposite the filter port 8. The second end piece 9 has a centrally arranged first opening 10, which is covered by the front filter mat 2. The second end piece is provided with a sealing surface 11 on its side facing the filter port 8. A compression spring 18, which keeps the filter mats 2, 3 apart, is located between the filter port 8 and the second end piece 9. A second opening 12 arranged in the filter port 8 establishes the gas connection from the interior space 6 of the filter 1 to a breathing mask, not shown more specifically in FIG. 1. The filter port 8 is provided with a circularly extending contact surface 13 for connection to the rear filter mat 3.
The filter 1 also makes it possible to test the tightness of the breathing device, not shown more specifically in FIG. 1. To do so, the user presses the second end piece 9 from the outside along arrow B, so that the user closes the first opening 10 with the ball of the user's hand. The sealing surface 11 of the second end piece 9 is now in contact with the filter port 8, and the path of gas from the second opening 12 into the interior space 6 is closed. A certain vacuum is generated at the filter port 8 during breathing in by the user, and the tightness of the filter port 8 of the breathing device can thus be tested.
FIG. 2 illustrates the compression spring 18 according to FIG. 1 in a perspective view.
FIG. 3 shows the holder 5 as an individual part in view A according to FIG. 4 or the individual part in view A according to FIG. 1 but in an open state. Identical components are designated by the same reference numbers as in FIG. 1. The filter port 8 and the second end piece 9 are connected to one another via a band-like plastic part. The bent edge 7 is arranged such that the filter port 8 and the second end piece 9 lie one on top of another in the folded state.
FIG. 4 shows a view of the holder 5 rotated forward by 90 in relation to FIG. 3. Depressions 15, 16 are provided at the filter port 8 and at the second end piece 9 for receiving the compression spring 18, which fix the compression spring 18 and prevent it from falling out. Arrow 17 illustrates the pivoting direction of the second end piece 9 in relation to the filter port 8 during mounting.
While a specific embodiment of the invention has been shown and described in detail to illustrate the application of the principles of the invention, it will be understood that the invention may be embodied otherwise without departing from such principles.