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Filiform polyposis of the colon in chronic inflammatory bowel disease (so-called giant inflammatory polyps).

Research paper by K J KJ Bauknecht, G G Grosse, J J Kleinert, A A Lachmann, F F Niedobitek

Indexed on: 23 Nov '00Published on: 23 Nov '00Published in: Zeitschrift fur Gastroenterologie



Abstract

On the basis of 3 of our own cases, we describe unusually intense forms of filiform polyposis and local giant polyposis as a consequence of chronic inflammatory bowel disease. The patients are: A 52-year-old woman who for 7 years has been known to have Crohn's disease (CD); a 55-year-old man who for 14 years has been known to have chronic inflammatory bowel disease, which was first thought to have been ulcerative colitis, but, as a result of the findings on the subtotal colectomy specimen, had to be classified as Crohn's disease or colitis indeterminate; and a 53-year-old woman known to have had ulcerative colitis for 37 years. From the literature on the subject, we drew up a chronological list of a total of 43 cases with similar or completely identical findings. The clinical significance of the findings in their particularly massive intensity results from their necessary differentiation--in the context of differential diagnosis--from a malignant tumor, in particular from a carcinoma in association with chronic inflammatory bowel disease, or from a villous adenoma. The indication of a need to operate results from the impossibility of being able definitely to rule out a malignant degeneration by means of clinical methods. Also, experience shows that with massive findings of the kind described a spontaneous disappearance cannot be expected. Finally, too, the clinical symptoms and the patients subjective complaints necessitate balanced surgical treatment, taking into consideration the site and the extent of the lesion.