Field-amplified sample injection combined with pressure-assisted capillary electrophoresis UV detection for the simultaneous analysis of allantoin, uric acid, and malondialdehyde in human plasma.

Research paper by Angelo A Zinellu, Salvatore S Sotgia, Luca L Deiana, Ciriaco C Carru

Indexed on: 20 Jan '11Published on: 20 Jan '11Published in: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry


The allantoin/uric acid (All/UA) ratio and malondialdehyde (MDA) plasma levels have been proposed as important markers for monitoring oxidation triggered by the action of free radicals (FR). Here, we describe an easy field amplified sample injection capillary electrophoresis method with UV detection for the separation and quantification of All, UA, and free MDA in human plasma. The plasma samples were simply filtered through centrifugation membrane tubes for protein elimination and directly injected on a capillary without complex cleanup and/or sample derivatization procedures. The use of a run buffer composed of 300 mmol/L sodium borate at pH 10 with 50 mmol/L of N-methyl-D: -glucamine and an overimposed pressure/voltage of 0.1 psi during the electrophoretic run allows basline resolution of the analytes within 17 min. The electrokinetic injection allows a detection limit of 15 nmol/L for All, 20 nmol/L for UA and 10 nmol/L for MDA in a plasma sample, thus significantly improving the LOD of previous described methods based on capillary electrophoresis. Precision tests indicate a good repeatability of our method both for migration times (CV = 1.85%) and areas (CV = 2.87%). Moreover, a good reproducibility of intra- and inter-assay tests was obtained (CV = 4.63% and CV = 6.59% respectively). The suitability of the method was tested by measuring analyte levels in 40 healthy volunteers.