Indexed on: 19 Jan '10Published on: 19 Jan '10Published in: Journal of Clinical Virology
The association of hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes and basal core promoter (BCP) and precore (PC) mutations with the clinical characteristics is increasingly recognized.To investigate virologic features and clinical implications of HBV genotypes, BCP and PC mutations between large-size patients with acute hepatitis B (AHB) and chronic hepatitis B (CHB).One hundred and eighty-two AHB patients and 325 CHB patients were investigated. HBV genotypes and BCP/PC mutations were determined by direct sequencing. Mutations at 10 interested sites of the BCP/PC region were compared between the two groups of patients.AHB patients had a significantly higher ratio of genotype B to C than CHB patients (37.4-62.6% vs. 16.6-83.4%, P<0.001). The prevalence of BCP/PC wild-type virus was 60.4% in AHB patients in contrast to 28.9% in CHB patients. Significantly lower prevalence of A1762T, G1764A, G1896A, and G1899A but higher prevalence of T1758C was found in AHB patients. Interestingly, T1758C and A1762T/G1764A appeared mutual restraint. Genotype B virus had lower BCP mutation frequency and similar PC mutation frequency compared to genotype C virus. AHB patients with BCP/PC mutant virus had higher viral load, whereas CHB patients with BCP/PC mutant virus had lower viral load and elevated alanine aminotransferase, in comparison with those with the wild-type virus.Patients with genotype B virus, BCP/PC wild-type virus or T1758C mutant virus were more susceptible to develop AHB, whereas high prevalence of the BCP/PC mutations was associated with CHB development.