FDI Ownership Strategy: A Japanese-US MNE Comparison

Research paper by Jae C. Jung, Paul W. Beamish, Anthony Goerzen

Indexed on: 08 Dec '08Published on: 08 Dec '08Published in: Management International Review


Much of the extant literature characterizes international joint venture (IJV) as a less stable and less successful form of organization. In this view, the IJV is considered a suboptimal ownership strategy, one where the firm lacks control over its operations, compared to wholly-owned subsidiary (WOS).We tested this widespread view on IJV and WOS by analyzing a large, longitudinal sample of Japanese MNEs, comparing our results to those from US MNEs reported in Desai et al. (2004a) and Gomes-Casseres/Jenkins (2003).Japanese MNEs showed a stronger preference for IJVs over the last two decades as compared to US MNEs. IJV performance exceeded WOS among Japanese firms in most sample years, while WOSs outperformed IJVs among US subsidiaries in all sample years.Clear boundaries exist along the line of country-of-origin, with respect to the generalizability of the extant view toward IJVs.