Fast and Unconditional All-Microwave Reset of a Superconducting Qubit

Research paper by Paul Magnard, Philipp Kurpiers, Baptiste Royer, Theo Walter, Jean-Claude Besse, Simone Gasparinetti, Marek Pechal, Johannes Heinsoo, Simon Storz, Alexandre Blais, Andreas Wallraff

Indexed on: 23 Jan '18Published on: 23 Jan '18Published in: arXiv - Quantum Physics


Active qubit reset is a key operation in many quantum algorithms, and particularly in error correction codes. Here, we experimentally demonstrate a reset scheme of a three level transmon artificial atom coupled to a large bandwidth resonator. The reset protocol uses a microwave-induced interaction between the $|f,0\rangle$ and $|g,1\rangle$ states of the coupled transmon-resonator system, with $|g\rangle$ and $|f\rangle$ denoting the ground and second excited states of the transmon, and $|0\rangle$ and $|1\rangle$ the photon Fock states of the resonator. We characterize the reset process and demonstrate reinitialization of the transmon-resonator system to its ground state with $0.2\%$ residual excitation in less than $500 \, \rm{ns}$. Our protocol is of practical interest as it has no requirements on the architecture, beyond those for fast and efficient single-shot readout of the transmon, and does not require feedback.