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Failure analysis of input shaft of planetary gear box of a bowl mill — a case study

Research paper by M. Swamy, C. R. Prasad, M. S. Rawat, P. V. Ramaulu

Indexed on: 25 Nov '10Published on: 25 Nov '10Published in: Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals



Abstract

Thermal power plants mostly employ bowl mills to crush coal which in turn is used in the boiler for generating steam. These bowl mills encounter failures with respect to grinding components and/or other accessories. In the recent times, fretting failure is assuming more significance with respect to failure of the bowl mill components. Fretting, generally, occurs when there is a relative movement, of about a few microns, between two mating surfaces that are under a high contact stress. In the present case study, involving gear box of a bowl mill, input shaft has failed due to fretting and investigations revealed concluding evidences. Various investigation techniques like, visual, stereo microscopic examinations and Scanning Electron Microscopic studies, etc. were carried out to ascertain the root cause for failure. These techniques revealed that the shaft failed due to fretting and results are discussed in the paper.