Factors influencing the formation of chlorination brominated trihalomethanes in drinking water

Research paper by Huan Wang, Dong-mei Liu, Zhi-wei Zhao, Fu-yi Cui, Qi Zhu, Tong-mian Liu

Indexed on: 07 Jan '10Published on: 07 Jan '10Published in: Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A


The formation of brominated trihalomethanes (THMs-Br) which is proved more carcinogenic than their chlorinated analogues reported was very different at various water qualities. This study was performed to assess the effects of water quality parameters (bromide concentration, pH value and ammonia concentration), chlorination conditions (chlorine dose, reaction time) and ratios of Br−/DOC and Br−/Cl2 consumption on the formation and distribution of THMs-Br in chlorination. The results showed good correlation between the bromine incorporation factor (BIF) n(Br) and Br−/Cl2 consumption ratio. The formation of total THM (TTHM) was found to decrease with increasing ammonia concentration but to increase with bromide concentration and pH value. The n(Br) trends were significantly affected by the presence of bromide concentration. The effects on the molar yields of THMs were more strongly influenced by bromide concentration and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentration than pH value and natural organic matter (NOM) source. High Br−/DOC and Br−/Cl2 favor the formation of THMs-Br over chlorinated THMs (THMs-Cl). The experimental data including the main parameters such as bromide, DOC, ammonia, pH and reaction time were used for developing the predictive model for THMs-Br.