Factors contributing to the shortage of nurse faculty: a review of the literature.

Research paper by Fiona F McDermid, Kath K Peters, Debra D Jackson, John J Daly

Indexed on: 18 Feb '12Published on: 18 Feb '12Published in: Nurse Education Today


There is an abundance of literature documenting the shortage of nurse faculty, both in Australia and internationally. This shortage has repercussions for the next generation of nurses, contributes to the overall nursing workforce shortage, and holds implications for the development of nursing research and continued practice development. The literature suggests a multitude of factors contributing to the shortage, including the ageing of current nurse faculty, and an undersupply of doctorally prepared nurses to take their place. To date, most nurse academics come from a clinical background with little preparation for the complex faculty role; despite this there is little exploration of their experiences transitioning to academia. The limited available evidence suggests that this new role may be accompanied by feelings of uncertainty, anxiety and isolation associated with changed responsibilities, an emphasis on scholarly activities and teaching, and the unique culture of the academic environment. The aim of this paper is to provide a critical review of the literature, identify issues relevant to the nurse faculty shortage and provide direction for further research.