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Factors Associated with the Use of Different Treatment Modalities among Patients with Upper Airway Diseases in Taiwan: A Cross-Sectional Survey Study.

Research paper by Malcolm M Koo, Kai-Li KL Liang, Hsin H Tsao, Ting-Ting TT Yen, Rong-San RS Jiang, Yueh-Chiao YC Yeh

Indexed on: 04 Oct '13Published on: 04 Oct '13Published in: Journal of allergy



Abstract

Rhinitis is a common upper airway disease and can have great impact on patients' quality of life. Factors associated with the use of common treatment modalities among 279 Taiwanese rhinitis patients from the outpatient department of otolaryngology in a medical center were investigated using a cross-sectional survey study. Results from multiple logistic regression analysis, adjusted for etiologies of rhinitis, revealed that males were associated with surgical intervention (OR = 2.11, P = 0.009). Lower educational level was associated with oral (OR = 2.31, P = 0.024) and topical medications (OR = 2.50, P = 0.005). Poor or fair general health status was associated with topical medications (OR = 4.47, P = 0.001), whereas very good or excellent general health status was inversely associated with surgical intervention (OR = 0.32, P = 0.002). Smoking was associated with the use of nasal irrigation (OR = 2.72, P = 0.003). Worse disease-specific quality of life was associated with oral medications (OR = 2.46, P = 0.010) and traditional Chinese medicine (OR = 5.43, P < 0.001). In conclusion, the use of different treatment modalities for rhinitis was associated with different combinations of independent factors.