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Factors Associated with HIV Status Disclosure in HIV-Infected Sub-Saharan Migrants Living in France and Successfully Treated with Antiretroviral Therapy: Results from the ANRS-VIHVO Study

Research paper by J. M. Kankou, O. Bouchaud, N. Lele, D. Bourgeois, B. Spire, M. P. Carrieri, S. Abgrall

Indexed on: 29 Apr '16Published on: 28 Apr '16Published in: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health



Abstract

To estimate rates and identify correlates of HIV disclosure in migrants from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) successfully treated, a sub-analysis was conducted in HIV-1 native SSA migrants, living in France with undetectable viral load on antiretroviral, included in the VIHVO adherence study. Logistic regression models assessed factors associated with HIV disclosure. Among 246 individuals (40 % male, median age 41), 79 % of those in a steady heterosexual partnership (n = 167) had disclosed their status to their partner, 55 % of the total 246 to a relative, and 33 % to (an)other person(s). Disclosure to one’s steady partner was associated with a follow-up duration since HIV diagnosis of more than 5 years, a higher literacy level, a better social context and marital status. Women were more likely to disclose their HIV status to relatives. Interventions targeting this population should be provided to improve disclosure which in turn ensures better social support, testing of the partner and lower rates of undiagnosed HIV.