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Factors affecting THM, HAN and HNM formation during UV-chlor(am)ination of drinking water

Research paper by Zi-Bo Guo, Yi-Li Lin, Bin Xu, Chen-Yan Hu, He Huang, Tian-Yang Zhang, Wen-Hai Chu, Nai-Yun Gao

Indexed on: 11 Aug '16Published on: 10 Aug '16Published in: Chemical Engineering Journal



Abstract

This study investigated the effect of several factors on the formation of disinfection byproducts (DBPs) including trihalomethanes (THMs), haloacetonitriles (HANs) and halonitromethanes (HNMs) during UV-chlor(am)ination of the water collected after filtration unit in a drinking water treatment plant. In general, THM formation was higher during UV-chlorination while HAN and HNM formation were higher during UV-chloramination. Higher Medium pressure (MP) UV dose resulted in more DBP formation. The value of pH affected DBP formation differently. THMs decreased with increasing pH during UV-chlorination but remained stable during UV-chloramination. HNMs increased as pH increased from 5 to 7 but decreased as pH further increased to 9 during UV-chlorination. On the other hand, HNM formation decreased with increasing pH during UV-chloramintion. However, pH had little impact on HAN formation. The nitrate concentration had negligible impact on the formation of THM, HAN and HNM during both UV-chlor(am)ination. Increasing bromide concentration improved THM and HAN formation, decreased HNM formation, and shifted DBPs to more brominated species in the three categories. MP UV irradiation enhanced the formation of DBPs compared to low pressure UV during both UV-chlor(am)ination, especially for nitrogenated DBPs.

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