Indexed on: 15 Aug '18Published on: 15 Aug '18Published in: IET nanobiotechnology / IET
This study reports the fabrication of cellulose nanoparticles through electrospraying the solution of cellulose in -dimethylacetamide/lithium chloride solvent as well as investigating the effect of electrospraying conditions and molecular weight on the average size of electrosprayed nanoparticles. Electrospraying of cellulose was carried out with the following range for each factor, namely concentration = 1-3 wt%, voltage = 15-23 kV, nozzle-collector distance = 10-25 cm, and feed rate = 0.03-0.0875 ml/h. The smallest nanoparticles had an average size of around 40 nm. Results showed that lowering the solution concentration and feed rate, as well as increasing the nozzle-collector distance and applied voltage led to a decrease in the average size of the electrosprayed cellulose nanoparticles. Fourier transform infrared analysis proved that no chemical change had occurred in the cellulose structure after the electrospraying process. According to X-ray diffraction (XRD) results, cellulose nanoparticles showed a lower degree of crystallinity in comparison with the raw cellulose powder. XRD results also proved the absence of LiCl salt in the electrosprayed nanoparticles.