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Fabrication, morphology and structural characterization of ordered single-crystal Ag nanowires

Research paper by J. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Peng, L. Zhang

Indexed on: 01 Oct '02Published on: 01 Oct '02Published in: Applied Physics A



Abstract

Highly aligned Ag nanowires have been synthesized by dc electrodeposition within a hexagonal close-packed nanochannel anodic aluminum oxide template. The pore diameter varies from 20 nm to 50 nm depending on the anodization voltage and temperature for the two types of aqueous solutions, sulphuric and oxalic acids, respectively. The size and morphology of the Ag nanowire arrays were measured by scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The images indicate that the highly aligned Ag nanowires grow in the uniform nanochannels of the anodic alumina template and that the size of the nanowires depends on the size of the nanochannels. X-ray diffraction, selected area electron diffraction pattern and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy images show that the Ag nanowires are single-crystal. The temperature coefficient of resistivity (temperature range from 4.2 K to 300 K) of the Ag nanowire arrays decreases with decreasing diameter of the nanowires.