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Extracellular enzyme production by haploids, heterocaryons and diploids of Aspergillus nidulans

Research paper by Irma de L. Moscoso, Yoko B. Rosato

Indexed on: 01 Jul '87Published on: 01 Jul '87Published in: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology



Abstract

Extracellular amylase, lipase and protease produced by haploids, diploids and heterocaryons of Aspergillus nidulans were analysed. Three morphologically normal strains and 8 morphologic mutants as well as various genetic combinations of the 11 strains were examined in solid culture medium containing specific substrates. The enzyme production of each strain was determined by measuring the halo around the colony. It was observed that the colonies showing less growth also showed more alterations in enzyme production. The compact strains (BVIII and B6) and the slow-growing heterocaryons (pp+M32 and pp+M35) showed the highest enzymatic index for the three enzymes simultaneously. If colony growth is not considered, then for amylase and protease the highest values were reached by some diploid and heterocaryons and for lipase by one morphological strain. The results showed that morphological mutants and some combinations could be used for higher production of amylase, lipase and protease.