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Expression and characterization of a parasite-specific antigen on macrophages after infection withLeishmania donovani

Research paper by Nilanjana Basu, Labanyamoy Kole, Abhijit Ghosh, Pijush K Das

Indexed on: 01 Mar '94Published on: 01 Mar '94Published in: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry



Abstract

A rabbit polyclonal antibody to crude soluble antigen ofLeishmania donovani promastigotes recognized a determinant expressed on the surface membrane of mouse peritoneal macrophages and human monocyte derived macrophages infectedin vitro. The determinant was recognized on infected macrophage surface only when F (ab′)2 fragments of anti-leishmanial antiserum was employed in immunofluorescence. F(ab′)2 fragments of human patient sera also could recognize the determinant. The expression of this antigen was not stage-specific for the parasite. Immunochemical analyses revealed this antigen to be of 51 kDa protein. Specific leaching of membrane proteins by trypsin showed three bands of expressed antigens of 26, 11 and 10 kDa, which in all likelihood might be arising from the 51 kDa antigen. The antigen was not expressed until 12 h of post infection, reached a maximum level at 24 h and thereafter attained a steady state level as studied upto 96 h of post infection. This typc of antigen might have a great potential in immunodiagnostics and site-specific drug targeting.