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Exploring human rhythmic gait movement in the role of cerebral cortex signal

Research paper by Wei Dong, Ru-bin Wang, Zhi-kang Zhang

Indexed on: 02 Feb '11Published on: 02 Feb '11Published in: Applied Mathematics and Mechanics



Abstract

The rhythmic movement is a spontaneous behavior due to the central pattern generator (CPG). At present, the CPG model only shows the spontaneous behavior, but does not refer to the instruction regulation role of the cerebral cortex. In this paper, a modified model based on the Matsuoka neural oscillator theory is presented to better show the regulation role of the cerebral cortex signal to the CPG neuronal network. The complex interaction between the input signal and other parameters in the CPG network is established, making all parameters of the CPG vary with the input signal. In this way, the effect of the input signal to the CPG network is enhanced so that the CPG network can express the self-regulation movement state instead of being limited to the spontaneous behavior, and thus the regulation role of the cerebral cortex signal can be reflected. Numerical simulation shows that the modified model can generate various movement forms with different modes, frequencies, and interchanges between them. It is revealed in theories that the cerebral cortex signal can regulate the mode and frequency of the gait in the course of the gait movement.