Indexed on: 23 Oct '16Published on: 19 Jul '16Published in: Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology
Publication date: October 2016 Source:Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, Volume 59 Author(s): Qingguo Wang, Deming Wang, Hetang Wang, Jianan Liu, Fei He Foam technology utilizes the good coverage of foam to form a closed space around dust sources. The foam then wets the dust particles, causing them to adhere before they spread into the air, resulting in better dust control than with water sprays. In the process of foam dust control at a heading face, the foam spray trajectory is highly influenced by the wind, making it difficult to focus foam on the dust sources, which wastes the foam and reduces dust control efficiency. To resolve this problem, the idea of transporting foam to the cutting head through the roadheader’s inner pipeline is proposed. To adapt to the high resistance of foam delivery in the roadheader’s inner pipeline, according to the water and air supply of the heading face, a table water-jet suction device and porous spiral coupling foaming device were designed, and the working conditions were tested using a self-designed experiment system in the laboratory. The results showed that the foaming agent could be automatically added into the device at a working water flow rate of 1–1.6m3/h at a ratio of 1%. The optimum air flow was 45–50m3/h, in which range the foam expansion ratio reached the maximum and the outlet pressure demand was satisfied. Field application showed that the new foam method had a better dust control efficiencies than traditional foam methods.