Experimental comparison of the ability of Dalton based and similarity theory correlations to predict water evaporation rate in different convection regimes

Research paper by Amin Jodat, Mohammad Moghiman, Morteza Anbarsooz

Indexed on: 26 Feb '12Published on: 26 Feb '12Published in: Heat and Mass Transfer


This paper investigates the ability of two widely used evaporation models: Dalton based correlations and similarity theory results by comparing with experimental measurements. A series of experimental investigations are carried out over a wide range of water temperatures and air velocities for 0.01 ≤ Gr/Re2 ≤ 100 in a rectangular heated pool. The results show that for forced convection regime satisfactory results can be achieved by using the modified Dalton correlations, while, due to ripples appear on the water free surface, similarity theory under predicts the evaporation rate. In the free convection regime, Dalton based correlations even with modification are not able to predict acceptable results. For mixed convection regime, although both the similarity theory and Dalton based correlations without modification are not able to predict the mild non-linearity behavior between water evaporation rate and vapor pressure difference, but they obtain relatively satisfactory results. A dimensionless correlation using the experimental data of all convection regimes is proposed to cover different water surface geometries and air flow conditions.