Experimental approval of the extended flat bands and gapped subbands in rhombohedral multilayer graphene

Research paper by Y. Henni, H. P. Ojeda Collado, K. Nogajewski, M. R. Molas, G. Usaj, C. A. Balseiro, M. Orlita, M. Potemski, C. Faugeras

Indexed on: 14 Mar '16Published on: 14 Mar '16Published in: Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect


Graphene layers are known to stack in two stable configurations, namely ABA or ABC stacking, with drastically distinct electronic properties. Unlike the ABA stacking, little has been done to experimentally investigate the electronic properties of ABC graphene multilayers. Here, we report the first magneto optical study of a large ABC domain in a graphene multilayers flake, with ABC sequences exceeding 17 graphene sheets. The ABC-stacked multilayers can be fingerprinted with a characteristic electronic Raman scattering response, which persists even at room temperatures. Tracing the magnetic field evolution of the inter Landau level excitations from this domain gives strong evidence to the existence of a dispersionless electronic band near the Fermi level, characteristic of such stacking. Our findings present a simple yet powerful approach to probe ABC stacking in graphene multilayer flakes, where this highly degenerated band appears as an appealing candidate to host strongly correlated states.