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Exiguobacterium soli sp. nov., a psychrophilic bacterium from the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica.

Research paper by Preeti P Chaturvedi, V V Prabahar, R R Manorama, Pavan Kumar PK Pindi, Bhaskar B Bhadra, Zareena Z Begum, S S Shivaji

Indexed on: 10 Oct '08Published on: 10 Oct '08Published in: International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology



Abstract

A novel psychrophilic bacterium, designated strain DVS 3Y(T), was isolated from a moraine sample from the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics and data from a phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain DVS 3Y(T) was related to the genus Exiguobacterium. Strain DVS 3Y(T) exhibited >97 % gene sequence similarity with respect to Exiguobacterium acetylicum DSM 20416(T) (97.4 %), Exiguobacterium oxidotolerans DSM 17272(T) (97.4 %), Exiguobacterium indicum IAM 15368(T) (97.6 %), Exiguobacterium undae DSM 14481(T) (98.2 %), Exiguobacterium sibiricum DSM 17290(T) (98.6 %) and Exiguobacterium antarcticum DSM 14480(T) (99.6 %). However, the levels of DNA-DNA relatedness between strain DVS 3Y(T) and E. acetylicum DSM 20416(T), E. oxidotolerans JCM 12280(T), E. indicum IAM 15368(T), E. undae DSM 14481(T), E. sibiricum DSM 17290(T) and E. antarcticum DSM 14480(T) were less than 70 % (52, 25, 16, 33, 16 and 38 %, respectively). Strain DVS 3Y(T) also differed from these six closely related species in a number of phenotypic traits. Phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data suggest that strain DVS 3Y(T) represents a novel species of the genus Exiguobacterium, for which the name Exiguobacterium soli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is DVS 3Y(T) (=MTCC 4816(T)=JCM 14376(T)).