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Exergy analysis of a solar combined cycle: organic Rankine cycle and absorption cooling system

Research paper by Lavinia Grosu, Andreea Marin, Alexandru Dobrovicescu, Diogo Queiros-Conde

Indexed on: 19 Mar '15Published on: 19 Mar '15Published in: International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering



Abstract

In this paper, exergy analysis is used to evaluate the performance of a combined cycle: organic Rankine cycle (ORC) and absorption cooling system (ACS) using LiBr–H2O, powered by a solar field with linear concentrators. The goal of this work is to design the cogeneration system able to supply electricity and ambient cooling of an academic building and to find solutions to improve the performance of the global system. Solar ACS is combined with the ORC system—its coefficient of performance depends on the inlet temperature of the generator which is imposed by the outlet of the ORC. Exergetic efficiency and exergy destruction ratio are calculated for the whole system according to the second law of thermodynamics. Exergy analysis of each sub-system leads to the choice of the optimum physical parameters for minimum local exergy destruction ratios. In this way, a different connection of the heat exchangers is proposed in order to assure a maximum heat recovery.