Exemplary Care among Chinese Dementia Familial Caregivers.

Research paper by Bobo Hi Po BHP Lau, Vivian Weiqun VW Lou, Karen Siu Lan KSL Cheung

Indexed on: 20 Dec '18Published on: 20 Dec '18Published in: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)


This study investigates the feasibility of using the Exemplary Care Scale (ECS) among Chinese dementia familial caregivers, and reports its psychometric properties. Back translation was used to develop the Chinese version of ECS (C-ECS). Three hundred and ninety-seven dyads of caregivers and their relatives with dementia responded to an assessment battery which included questions on care recipients' cognition, behavioral and psychological symptoms, daily activities assistance, social support, and caregiver well-being. Results of an exploratory principal component analysis revealed two subscales in the 11-item C-ECS: considerate caregiving and preserving esteem. C-ECS and its subscales demonstrated sufficient reliability, as well as criteria-related validity through its association with care recipient's cognition and health, and caregivers' well-being and social support. Our findings provide preliminary support to C-ECS as a reliable and valid measure of exemplary caregiving among Hong Kong Chinese familial dementia caregivers. In the light of the increasing importance of familial care in dementia care planning, we recommend the use of this brief scale in regular caregiver assessment in research and service delivery.