Exactly solvable model for nonlinear pulse propagation in optical fibers

Research paper by Jonatan Lenells

Indexed on: 29 Oct '08Published on: 29 Oct '08Published in: Physics - Optics


The nonlinear Schr\"odinger (NLS) equation is a fundamental model for the nonlinear propagation of light pulses in optical fibers. We consider an integrable generalization of the NLS equation which was first derived by means of bi-Hamiltonian methods in [A. S. Fokas, {\it Phys. D} {\bf 87} (1995), 145--150]. The purpose of the present paper is threefold: (a) We show how this generalized NLS equation arises as a model for nonlinear pulse propagation in monomode optical fibers when certain higher-order nonlinear effects are taken into account; (b) We show that the equation is equivalent, up to a simple change of variables, to the first negative member of the integrable hierarchy associated with the derivative nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation; (c) We analyze traveling-wave solutions.