Indexed on: 22 Mar '19Published on: 21 Mar '19Published in: Royal Society open science
NADPH oxidases (NOXs) have been known as respiratory burst oxidase homologues (RBOHs) in plants. To characterize the evolutionary relationships and functions of RBOHs in , 134 homologues were identified from 13 plant species, including 14 members (namely -) from . There presented 47 gene-pairs among 14 s and other s, consisting of five pairs within , and 15 pairs between and . Together with phylogenetic analysis, the results suggested that whole-genome duplication might have played an important role in gene expansion, and these duplication events occurred after the divergence of the eudicot and the monocot lineages examined. Furthermore, gene expression of s in both and were assayed via qRT-PCR. An RBOH gene, in , was transformed into wild-type plants. The transgenic lines with the overexpressed level of conferred to be more tolerant to heavy metal lead (0.05 mM) than wild-type plants. Overall, this integrated analysis at genome-wide level has provided some information on the evolutionary relationships among plant-specific NOXs and the coordinated diversification of gene structure and function in .