Indexed on: 03 Feb '10Published on: 03 Feb '10Published in: arXiv - Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies
We present extensive sets of stellar models for 0.8-9.0Msun in mass and -5 <= [Fe/H] <= -2 and Z = 0 in metallicity. The present work focuses on the evolutionary characteristics of hydrogen mixing into the He-flash convective zones during the core and shell He flashes which occurs for the models with [Fe/H] <~ -2.5. Evolution is followed from the zero age MS to the TPAGB phase including the hydrogen engulfment by the He-flash convection during the RGB or AGB phase. There exist various types of mixing episodes of how the H mixing sets in and how it affects the final abundances at the surface. In particular, we find H ingestion events without dredge-ups that enables repeated neutron-capture nucleosynthesis in the He flash convective zones with 13 C(a,n)16 O as neutron source. For Z = 0, the mixing and dredge-up processes vary with the initial mass, which results in different final abundances in the surface. We investigate the occurrence of these events for various initial mass and metallicity to find the metallicity dependence for the He-flash driven deep mixing (He-FDDM) and also for the third dredge-up (TDU) events. In our models, we find He-FDDM for M <= 3Msun for Z = 0 and for M <~ 2Msun for -5 <~ [Fe/H] <~ -3. On the other hand, the occurrence of the TDU is limited to the mass range of ~1.5Msun to ~5Msun for [Fe/H] = -3, which narrows with decreasing metallicity. The paper also discusses the implications of the results of model computations for observations. We compared the abundance pattern of CNO abundances with observed metal-poor stars. The origins of most iron-deficient stars are discussed by assuming that these stars are affected by binary mass transfer. We also point out the existence of a blue horizontal branch for -4 <~ [Fe/H] <~ -2.5.