Evaluation of oral subchronic toxicity of Pu-erh green tea (camellia sinensis var. assamica) extract in Sprague Dawley rats.

Research paper by Di D Wang, Jie J Meng, Kunlong K Xu, Rong R Xiao, Mengjing M Xu, Yang Y Liu, Yaowu Y Zhao, Ping P Yao, Hong H Yan, Liegang L Liu

Indexed on: 20 Jun '12Published on: 20 Jun '12Published in: Journal of Ethnopharmacology


Pu-erh green tea, originally produced in the Yunnan province of P.R. China for about 1700 years, is believed to be beneficial to health in Asian countries. The potential toxicity of Pu-erh green tea when administered at high doses via concentrated extract, however, has not been completely investigated.The present study was aimed to evaluate the potential toxicity of Pu-erh green tea extract (PGTE) of sub-chronic administration to Sprague Dawley (SD) rats.Growing SD rats were administrated orally by gavage with PGTE at doses of 0, 1250, 2500, and 5000 mg/kg/day for 91 consecutive days. Clinical observations, including survival, hematology, serum biochemistry, urinalysis and histopathological examination were measured to monitor treatment-related adverse effects in rats.The results showed that oral administration of high dose of PGTE led to body weight gain suppression, liver and calcium deposition dysfunctions.In conclusion, the no-observed-adverse-effect level for Pu-erh green tea extract derived from the results of the present study was 2500 mg/kg/day for both genders.