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Ethylene glycol-mediated rapid synthesis of carbon-coated ZnFe 2 O 4 nanoflakes with long-term and high-rate performance for lithium-ion batteries.

Research paper by Guoxin G Gao, Lei L Shi, Shiyao S Lu, Ting T Gao, Zhaoyang Z Li, Yiyang Y Gao, Shujiang S Ding

Indexed on: 13 Feb '18Published on: 13 Feb '18Published in: Dalton Transactions



Abstract

Carbonaceous hybrid nanocomposites with a porous flaky structure hold great promise as high-performance electrodes for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs); yet large-scale synthesis is still a challenge. In this work, we successfully develop a novel carbon hybrid structure of carbon-coated ZnFeOnanoflakes (ZnFeO@C NFs) through a fast ethylene glycol (EG)-mediated metal alkoxide method, refluxing at 200 °C in EG and a post-calcination at 500 °C in a Natmosphere. The organic components in the pre-synthesized ZnFe-alkoxide precursor (ZnFe(OCHCHO)) can be transferred into an amorphous carbon layer easily surrounding the crystalline ZnFeOsubunits during the annealing process. The flaky morphologies of the as-prepared ZnFeO@C hybrids are highly dependent on the refluxing temperature. Upon increasing the refluxing temperature from 140 °C to 200 °C, the sphere-like morphology of the ZnFeO@C composites gradually evolves into microflowers and separate nanoflakes. When used as an anode for LIBs, the hybrid ZnFeO@C NFs present excellent electrochemical performance with high discharge capacity, long-term cyclic stability and superior high-rate capability. Even after 1000 cycles at 0.5 A g, the hybrid ZnFeO@C NFs still deliver a stable reversible discharge capacity of 778.6 mA h g.