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Ethyl Nitroacetate in Aza-Henry Addition on Trifluoromethyl Aldimines: A Solvent-Free Procedure To Obtain Chiral Trifluoromethyl α,β-Diamino Esters

Research paper by Luca Parise, Alessia Pelagalli, Lucio Pellacani, Fabio Sciubba, Maria Cecilia Vergari, Stefania Fioravanti

Indexed on: 20 Mar '16Published on: 09 Mar '16Published in: Journal of Organic Chemistry



Abstract

A self-catalyzed aza-Henry addition of ethyl nitroacetate on N-alkyl trifluoromethyl aldimines was reported to synthesize β-amino α-nitro trifluoromethyl esters, precursors of α,β-diamino acid derivatives. In the presence of a resident chiral center on the imine nitrogen, the use of a suitable Lewis acid leads to a good stereofacial control, always resulting from a nucleophilic unlike attack. By starting from optically pure N-protected trifluoromethyl aldimines or directly from N-α-amino ester trifluoromethyl aldimines, small ψ[CH(CF3)NH]-peptidomimetic backbones can be achieved in which a new primary amine function represents a possible center for synthetic extension. Finally, a very interesting, and never observed before, palladium-catalyzed syn β-elimination occurred, leading to the selective nitro group reduction reaction on the syn-α-amino ester functionalized aza-Henry adducts and obtaining more stable optically pure trifluoromethyl conjugated imines.

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