Establishment and characterization of immortalized cell lines from rat parotid glands

Research paper by Kedar N. Prasad, Erika Carvalho, Judith Edwards-Prasad, Francisco G. La Rosa, Rita Kumar, S. Kumar

Indexed on: 01 May '94Published on: 01 May '94Published in: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Animal


This study reports for the first time the establishment of immortalized cell lines from normal adult rat parotid glands. The freshly prepared cellular clumps obtained from parotid glands of isoproterenol-treated rats were incubated in 0.2% trypsin solution without EDTA. These clumps were transfected with plasmid vectors pSV3neo and pSV5neo by electroporation and calcium phosphate-Co-DNA-precipitation techniques. The untransfected and transfected cellular clumps were plated in precoated dishes containing modified MCDB-153 medium. Epithelial cells grew from the clumps that were attached. All epithelial cells from untransfected culture died within 6 to 8 wk. Two cell lines which were isolated from transfected cultures subsequently grew on regular tissue culture dishes. One of them, which was isolated from pSV5neo transfected cultures, exhibited non-epithelial cell morphology, but at confluency, many cells mature to acinar-like cells containing numerous granules. The other cell line (2RS), which was isolated from pSV3neo transfected culture, contained cells of non-epithelial and epithelial morphology. During the initial phase of the growth, MCDB-153 medium was essential; however, at a later time, RPMI medium was better than MCDB-153 or F12 medium for maintaining morphology and growth of these cells. The immortalized cells grew in RPMI with a doubling time of about 25 h, synthesize T-antigen,α-amylase mRNAs of 1176 and 702 bp, andα-amylase and were non-tumorigenic. These amylase-producing cells can be a useful model to study the mechanisms of regulation of growth and differentiation in these cells.