Indexed on: 11 Jun '21Published on: 22 Nov '19Published in: Current gastroenterology reports
Esophageal perforations are associated with high morbidity and mortality. As opposed to surgical repair, endoscopic closure techniques have emerged over the years as a more minimally invasive approach for management. Our goal is to discuss different modalities for closure. Through-the-scope clips (TTSCs), over-the-scope clips (OTSCs), and esophageal stent placement are well known options for closure. We will also discuss the more recent technique of endoscopic suturing for closure of larger defects as well as prevention of esophageal stent migration. For mediastinal collections associated with perforations, a more novel endoluminal vacuum therapy (EVT) for drainage may be an option. Overall, there are several different endoscopic options that can tailored to the specific features of an esophageal perforation. This review will discuss various techniques with which a gastroenterologist or thoracic surgeon should be familiar.