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Epithelial healing and clinical outcomes in excimer laser photorefractive surgery following three epithelial removal techniques: mechanical, alcohol, and excimer laser.

Research paper by Hyung Keun HK Lee, Kyung Sub KS Lee, Jin Kook JK Kim, Hyeon Chang HC Kim, Kyung Ryul KR Seo, Eung Kweon EK Kim

Indexed on: 18 Jan '05Published on: 18 Jan '05Published in: American Journal of Ophthalmology



Abstract

To evaluate epithelial healing, postoperative pain, and visual and refractive outcomes after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) using three epithelial removal techniques.Prospective, nonrandomized, comparative trial.Department of Ophthalmology, Yonsei University College of Medicine and Balgensesang Ophthalmology Clinic, Seoul, Korea.For the PRK procedure, the corneal epithelium was removed in one of three ways: mechanically (conventional PRK [PRK]) in 88 eyes of 44 patients; using excimer laser (transepithelial PRK [tPRK]) in 106 eyes of 53 patients; or using 20% diluted alcohol, laser-assisted subepithelial keratomileusis (LASEK) in 106 eyes of 53 patients.Epithelial healing, postoperative pain, uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA), and remaining refractive error.The mean postoperative pain scores were 4.84 +/- 1.45 for PRK, 4.71 +/- 1.62 for tPRK, and 4.63 +/- 1.52 for LASEK (P = .125). The mean epithelial healing rates were 12.3 +/- 4.6 for PRK, 15.2 +/- 4.9 for tPRK, and 18.1 +/- 5.2 mm2/day for LASEK (P < .001). The postoperative 6-month remaining mean spherical equivalents (diopters) were -0.46 +/- 1.01 for PRK, 0.18 +/- 0.91 for tPRK, and -0.82 +/- 1.18 for LASEK (P = .01). The LASEK group showed less favorable UCVA than other groups. There was no significant difference in BSCVA between the groups.Postoperative pain, subepithelial opacity and BSCVA were similar regardless of the epithelial removal procedure. A faster epithelial healing rate did not result in better visual or refractive outcomes. Using the same nomogram, tPRK resulted in a slight overcorrection, and LASEK resulted in a slight undercorrection.