Epidural anaesthesia for ureteral reimplantation in an infant with congenital tracheal stenosis.

Research paper by M M Concha, J J González, A A González, J J Dagnino, R R Molina

Indexed on: 01 Jun '97Published on: 01 Jun '97Published in: Canadian Journal of Anesthesia/Journal canadien d'anesthésie


We report a case of an infant with severe congenital tracheal stenosis who underwent ureteral reimplantation using lumbar epidural anaesthesia combined with light general anaesthesia.A six-month-old girl with symptomatic tracheal stenosis, demonstrated by computed tomography, was scheduled for ureteral reimplantation. She received continuous lumbar epidural anaesthesia with bupivacaine 0.25% through a 21 gauge catheter positioned at L3-4 interspace. Nitrous oxide/oxygen 50% and sevoflurane 1.5-2% were administered through a face mask and spontaneous breathing was preserved. Anaesthesia and surgery were uneventful. Postoperative epidural analgesia with bupivacaine 0.2% was excellent. The epidural catheter was withdrawn 48 hr postoperatively and she was discharged from the hospital five days later.Airway management is a major anaesthetic consideration in an infant with tracheal stenoses requiring abdominal surgery. We have demonstrated that regional anaesthesia combined with light general anaesthesia via face mask is an acceptable option, providing good analgesia during and after surgery. The technique preserves spontaneous ventilation and avoids tracheal manipulation.