Indexed on: 01 Jan '76Published on: 01 Jan '76Published in: Pflügers Archiv - European Journal of Physiology
In 3 groups of men, differing as to the amount and intensity of physical training loads, increasing in the order “sedentary”:“sporting”:“athletic”, enzyme activities were estimated in biopsy samples of m. quadriceps femoris (vastus lateralis). The enzymes were: Hexokinase (HK), NAD: glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH), triosephosphate dehydrogenase (TPDH), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), citrate synthase (CS), NAD: malate dehydrogenase (MDH), and 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (HOADH). Indicators of laboratory performance and whole-body metabolic capacities (maximal oxygen consumption etc.) were estimated in the “sporting” and “athletic” groups.In the 2 latter groups, distinguished by greater physical activity, the atypical enzyme activity pattern, remarkable by a low activity of LDH and high relative activities of GPDH and HK, as reported earlier in a sedentary group (Basset al., 1975a), disappeared. The possibility of the atypical low LDH enzyme activity pattern as resulting from lack of bodily exertion is discussed.The moderately trained “sporting” group distinguishes itself from the “sedentary” one mainly by a higher activity of LDH and by lower activities of GPDH and MDH. In the intensively trained “athletic” group, enzymes connected to aerobic oxidation (MDH, CS, HOADH) and GPDH also show higher activities than in the “sporting” group. The difference between the two more active groups is further borne out by a higher maximum oxygen uptake and carbon dioxide release of the well-trained “athletic” group. This difference of enzyme activity pattern may not be confined to the quadriceps femoris muscle.