Entanglement between qubits induced by a common environment with a gap

Research paper by Sangchul Oh, Jaewan Kim

Indexed on: 03 May '06Published on: 03 May '06Published in: Quantum Physics


We study a system of two qubits interacting with a common environment, described by a two-spin boson model. We demonstrate two competing roles of the environment: inducing entanglement between the two qubits and making them decoherent. For the environment of a single harmonic oscillator, if its frequency is commensurate with the induced two-qubit coupling strength, the two qubits could be maximally entangled and the environment could be separable. In the case of the environment of a bosonic bath, the gap of its spectral density function is essential to generate entanglement between two qubits at equilibrium and for it to be used as a quantum data bus.