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Enhancement of genuine multipartite entanglement and purity of three qubits under decoherence via bang–bang pulses with finite period

Research paper by Jian-Song Zhang, Ai-Xi Chen

Indexed on: 10 May '16Published on: 09 May '16Published in: Quantum Information Processing



Abstract

We propose a scheme to control the dynamics of genuine multipartite entanglement and purity of qubits within spatially separated thermal baths using the bang–bang pulses with finite period. The qubits are initially entangled and have no direct interactions. The genuine multipartite entanglement of the system is measured by an entanglement monotone based on a generalization of the Peres–Horodecki criterion to multipartite systems. We first derive a master equation to describe the non-Markovian dynamics of an arbitrary number of qubits within their baths with decoherence and dynamical decoupling. Then, we calculate the entanglement monotone and purity of three qubits in super-Ohmic, sub-Ohmic, and Ohmic baths numerically. The effects of the period of pulses on the non-Markovian dynamics of qubits are discussed. We show the genuine multipartite entanglement and purity can be simultaneously improved by applying the bang–bang pulses with finite period. In particular, the bang–bang pulses with finite period are more efficient when the qubits are put into the sub-Ohmic or Ohmic baths than the case of the super-Ohmic bath.