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Enhanced Non-enzymatic amperometric sensing of glucose using Co(OH) 2 nanorods deposited on a three dimensional graphene network as an electrode material

Research paper by Iman Shackery, Umakant Patil; Atiye Pezeshki; Nanasaheb M. Shinde; Seongil Im; Seong Chan Jun

Indexed on: 10 Aug '16Published on: 01 Aug '16Published in: Microchimica Acta



Abstract

Abstract We report on the synthesis of cobalt dihydroxide [Co(OH)2] nanorods and their deposition on a 3-dimensional graphene network via chemical bath deposition. The structural characterization reveals deposited Co(OH)2 to consist of flower-like nanorods on a 3-dimensional graphene foam. The nanocomposite was used for glucose sensing by electrocatalytic oxidation of glucose in 1 M KOH solution. Cyclic voltammetry and amperometric studies revealed a high sensitivity for glucose (3.69 mA mM−1 cm−2) and a 16 nM detection limit. The nanocomposite offers a large effective surface (11.4 cm2) and is very selective for glucose over potentially interfering materials such as dopamine, ascorbic acid, lactose, fructose and urea, not the least due to a relatively low working potential of 0.6 V (vs. Ag/AgCl). The high sensitivity, low detection limit and very good selectivity of free-standing nanocomposite electrodes are attributed to the synergistic effect of (a) the good electrocatalytic activity of the NRs, and (b) the large surface area with high conductivity offered by the 3D graphene foam. Graphical Abstract Cobalt hydroxide [Co(OH)2] nanorods were deposited on three dimensional graphene (3DG) by a chemical bath deposition method, and the resulting material was used as an electrode for non-enzymatic and specific sensing of glucose in 1 M KOH solution. AbstractWe report on the synthesis of cobalt dihydroxide [Co(OH)2] nanorods and their deposition on a 3-dimensional graphene network via chemical bath deposition. The structural characterization reveals deposited Co(OH)2 to consist of flower-like nanorods on a 3-dimensional graphene foam. The nanocomposite was used for glucose sensing by electrocatalytic oxidation of glucose in 1 M KOH solution. Cyclic voltammetry and amperometric studies revealed a high sensitivity for glucose (3.69 mA mM−1 cm−2) and a 16 nM detection limit. The nanocomposite offers a large effective surface (11.4 cm2) and is very selective for glucose over potentially interfering materials such as dopamine, ascorbic acid, lactose, fructose and urea, not the least due to a relatively low working potential of 0.6 V (vs. Ag/AgCl). The high sensitivity, low detection limit and very good selectivity of free-standing nanocomposite electrodes are attributed to the synergistic effect of (a) the good electrocatalytic activity of the NRs, and (b) the large surface area with high conductivity offered by the 3D graphene foam.22−1−22 Graphical Abstract Cobalt hydroxide [Co(OH)2] nanorods were deposited on three dimensional graphene (3DG) by a chemical bath deposition method, and the resulting material was used as an electrode for non-enzymatic and specific sensing of glucose in 1 M KOH solution. Graphical Abstract Cobalt hydroxide [Co(OH)2] nanorods were deposited on three dimensional graphene (3DG) by a chemical bath deposition method, and the resulting material was used as an electrode for non-enzymatic and specific sensing of glucose in 1 M KOH solution. Graphical Abstract Cobalt hydroxide [Co(OH)2] nanorods were deposited on three dimensional graphene (3DG) by a chemical bath deposition method, and the resulting material was used as an electrode for non-enzymatic and specific sensing of glucose in 1 M KOH solution. Graphical Abstract Cobalt hydroxide [Co(OH)2] nanorods were deposited on three dimensional graphene (3DG) by a chemical bath deposition method, and the resulting material was used as an electrode for non-enzymatic and specific sensing of glucose in 1 M KOH solution. Cobalt hydroxide [Co(OH)2] nanorods were deposited on three dimensional graphene (3DG) by a chemical bath deposition method, and the resulting material was used as an electrode for non-enzymatic and specific sensing of glucose in 1 M KOH solution.2