Indexed on: 01 Jun '18Published on: 01 Jun '18Published in: Interventional neuroradiology : journal of peritherapeutic neuroradiology, surgical procedures and related neurosciences
Radiation-associated vascular changes most commonly present in the form of stenosis, thrombosis and occlusion. However, development of intracranial aneurysms secondary to radiation is far less common and often manifests with rupture. These aneurysms are difficult to treat and associated with high morbidity and mortality when ruptured compared with saccular aneurysms unrelated to radiation treatment. Both surgical and endovascular options are available for treatment of these aneurysms. We present a young patient with a radiation-induced intracranial pseudoaneurysm arising from the lenticulostriate branch of the left middle cerebral artery (MCA); this developed 1 year 4 months after 59.4 Gy of focused radiation to the suprasellar pilomyxoid astrocytoma. The patient successfully underwent endovascular glue embolization of the aneurysm and occlusion of the lenticulostriate artery after unsuccessful trapping of the aneurysm and occlusion of the parent artery using coils. She developed transient hemiparesis of the right side following the procedure, which was managed conservatively. We performed a complete review of the literature dealing with the radiation-induced intracranial aneurysms, their presentation, treatment and outcome.