Endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilator effects of eugenol in the rat mesenteric vascular bed.

Research paper by David Neil DN Criddle, Socorro Vanesca Frota SV Madeira, Roberto R Soares de Moura

Indexed on: 02 May '03Published on: 02 May '03Published in: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology


The possible involvement of the endothelium in the vasodilator action of eugenol was investigated in the mesenteric vascular bed (MVB) of the rat. Bolus injections of eugenol (0.2, 2 and 20 micromol) and acetylcholine (ACh; 10, 30 and 100 pmol) induced dose-dependent vasodilator responses in noradrenaline-precontracted beds that were partially inhibited by pretreatment of the MVB with deoxycholate (1 mg mL(-1)) to remove the endothelium (approximately 14% and approximately 30% of the control response remaining at the lowest doses of ACh and eugenol, respectively). The vasodilator effect of glyceryl trinitrate (1 micromol) was unaltered by deoxycholate. In the presence of either N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (300 microM) or tetraethylammonium (1 mM)the response to ACh was partially reduced, whereas eugenol-induced vasodilation was unaffected. Similarly the vasodilator effect of eugenol was not inhibited by indometacin (3 microM). Under calcium-free conditions the vasoconstrictor response elicited by bolus injections of noradrenaline (10 nmol) was dose-dependently and completely inhibited by eugenol (0.1-1 mM). Additionally, the pressor effects of bolus injections of calcium chloride in potassium-depolarized MVBs were greatly reduced in the presence of eugenol (0.1 mM), with a maximal reduction of approximately 71% of the control response. Our data showed that eugenol induced dose-dependent, reversible vasodilator responses in the rat MVB, that were partially dependent on the endothelium, although apparently independent of nitric oxide, endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor or prostacyclin. Furthermore, an endothelium-independent intracellular site of action seemed likely to participate in its smooth muscle relaxant properties.