Indexed on: 16 May '15Published on: 16 May '15Published in: American journal of rhinology & allergy
There have been few comparative studies on olfactory function and sinonasal-specific quality of life (QOL) after endoscopic or microscopic surgery using a transsphenoidal approach (TSA).A retrospective review of a prospectively collected database was performed. Thirty-five patients who underwent a transnasal endoscopic approach and 20 patients who underwent a transnasal transseptal microscopic approach for treatment of pituitary adenoma were evaluated. An anterior skull base (ASK) nasal inventory and a subjective visual analog scale (VAS) (0-100) for olfaction were evaluated before and at one and three months after surgery. A cross-cultural smell identification test (CC-SIT) and a butanol threshold test (BTT) were also measured before and three months after surgery.There was no significant difference in subjective olfaction or CC-SIT or BTT score between the endoscopic and microscopic groups. The microscopic group (11.35 ± 3.67 and 9.72 ± 2.54, respectively) showed better ASK nasal inventory outcomes at one and three months after surgery compared with the endoscopic group (14.00 ± 4.85 and 11.70 ± 3.28, respectively; p = 0.029 and 0.036, respectively) especially in the subdomains of "nasal crusting" and "urge to blow nose."Transnasal transseptal microscopic pituitary surgery confers a better early postoperative sinonasal QOL with a comparable olfactory outcome compared with the endoscopic approach. Although many believe that an endoscopic approach is less invasive, preservation of the sinonasal mucosa proves to be more important in terms of sinonasal QOL than use of an endoscope or microscope.