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Ellagic acid coordinately attenuates Wnt/β-catenin and NF-κB signaling pathways to induce intrinsic apoptosis in an animal model of oral oncogenesis.

Research paper by Prabukumar P Anitha, Ramamurthi Vidya RV Priyadarsini, Krishnamurthy K Kavitha, Paranthaman P Thiyagarajan, Siddavaram S Nagini

Indexed on: 14 Dec '11Published on: 14 Dec '11Published in: European Journal of Nutrition



Abstract

Constitutive activation of the Wnt signaling pathway and its downstream effectors plays a key role in neoplastic transformation. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of ellagic acid, a plant-derived polyphenol on Wnt/β-catenin signaling and its downstream circuits- NF-κB and mitochondrial apoptosis in the 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-induced hamster buccal pouch (HBP) carcinogenesis model.Hamsters were divided into six groups. The right buccal pouches of animals in groups 1-4 were painted with 0.5% DMBA three times a week for 14 weeks. Animals in groups 2-4 received in addition basal diet containing ellagic acid at a concentration of 0.1, 0.2, and 0.4% in the diet. Group 5 animals were given 0.4% ellagic acid alone. Group 6 animals served as control. The expression of the members of Wnt and NF-κB signaling and intrinsic apoptosis was evaluated by western blot analysis.Dietary supplementation of 0.4% ellagic acid suppressed the development of HBP carcinomas by preventing the constitutive activation of Wnt pathway through the downregulation of Fz, Dvl-2, GSK-3β and nuclear translocation of β-catenin. Abrogation of Wnt signaling by ellagic acid was also associated with inactivation of NF-κB and modulation of key components of the mitochondrial apoptotic network.Our findings suggest a functional crosstalk between Wnt and NF-κB signaling pathways in HBP carcinomas that is blocked by ellagic acid supplementation. Dietary ellagic acid that targets the Wnt/β-catenin pathway as well as its downstream signaling mediators is a unique candidate for cancer chemoprevention.