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Eliashberg equations for an electron-phonon version of the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model: Pair Breaking in non-Fermi liquid superconductors

Research paper by Daniel Hauck, Markus J. Klug, Ilya Esterlis, Jörg Schmalian

Indexed on: 12 Nov '19Published on: 11 Nov '19Published in: arXiv - Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons



Abstract

We present a theory that is a non-Fermi-liquid counterpart of the Abrikosov-Gor'kov pair-breaking theory due to paramagnetic impurities in superconductors. To this end we analyze a model of interacting electrons and phonons that is a natural generalization of the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev-model. In the limit of large numbers of degrees of freedom, the Eliashberg equations of superconductivity become exact and emerge as saddle-point equations of a field theory with fluctuating pairing fields. In its normal state the model is governed by two non-Fermi liquid fixed points, characterized by distinct universal exponents. At low temperatures a superconducting state emerges from the critical normal state. We study the role of pair-breaking on $T_{c}$, where we allow for disorder that breaks time-reversal symmetry. For small Bogoliubov quasi-particle weight, relevant for systems with strongly incoherent normal state, $T_{c}$ drops rapidly as function of the pair breaking strength and reaches a small but finite value before it vanishes at a critical pair-breaking strength via an essential singularity. The latter signals a breakdown of the emergent conformal symmetry of the non-Fermi liquid normal state.