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Elevated tenascin-C levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of patients with sarcoidosis.

Research paper by Hanako H Fujita, Noriho N Sakamoto, Yuji Y Ishimatsu, Tomoyuki T Kakugawa, Shota S Nakashima, Shintaro S Hara, Atsuko A Hara, Hiroshi H Mukae, Shigeru S Kohno

Indexed on: 05 Jul '12Published on: 05 Jul '12Published in: Lung



Abstract

Sarcoidosis is a disease characterized by granulomatous lesions involving multiple organ systems. The etiology of sarcoidosis remains unknown, and reliable biomarkers have not been identified. Tenascin-C is an extracellular matrix molecule expressed during wound healing in various tissues. The present study aimed to investigate the role of tenascin-C in sarcoidosis.Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were used to measure tenascin-C levels in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) from 31 patients with sarcoidosis and 15 healthy individuals. Relationships between tenascin-C concentrations in BALF and serum samples and clinical parameters in patients with sarcoidosis were evaluated.BALF tenascin-C levels were significantly higher in patients with sarcoidosis than in healthy individuals, but serum levels were no different. BALF tenascin-C levels showed positive correlations with serum lactic dehydrogenase levels and the ratio of lymphocytes in BALF. BALF tenascin-C levels were also higher in patients with parenchymal infiltration on chest radiographs than in those without.The present results demonstrated that the BALF tenascin-C level was correlated with pulmonary infiltrates on chest radiographs in patients with sarcoidosis. Although measurement of serum tenascin-C levels has a limited role and measurement of BALF tenascin-C levels might be impractical, tenascin-C in the lung might play a role in the pathogenesis of sarcoidosis. Further studies are necessary to determine the role of BALF tenascin-C in sarcoidosis.