Indexed on: 07 Feb '03Published on: 07 Feb '03Published in: Physical review letters
We investigated the stability of gold clusters doped with open 3d-shell atoms (Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni). Steps, peaks, and odd-even staggering in mass abundance spectra upon photofragmentation provide evidence for enhanced stability for specific cluster sizes. The observed magic numbers are explained in terms of size- and dopant-dependent modifications of the effective mean-field potential within a phenomenological shell-model approach. Element-dependent 3d electron delocalization and odd-even staggering amplitudes are related to the dopant-atom structure.