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Electronics, Vol. 7, Pages 445: Solution-Processable ZnO Thin Film Memristive Device for Resistive Random Access Memory Application

Research paper by Swapnil R. Patil, Mahesh Y. Chougale, Tushar D. Rane, Sagar S. Khot, Akshay A. Patil, Ojus S. Bagal, Sagar D. Jadhav, Arif D. Sheikh, Sungjun Kim, Tukaram D. Dongale

Indexed on: 21 Dec '18Published on: 17 Dec '18Published in: Electronics



Abstract

The memristive device is a fourth fundamental circuit element with inherent memory, nonlinearity, and passivity properties. Herein, we report on a cost-effective and rapidly produced ZnO thin film memristive device using the doctor blade method. The active layer of the developed device (ZnO) was composed of compact microrods. Furthermore, ZnO microrods were well spread horizontally and covered the entire surface of the fluorine-doped tin oxide substrate. X-ray diffraction (XRD) results confirmed that the synthesized ZnO was oriented along the c-axis and possessed a hexagonal crystal structure. The device showed bipolar resistive switching characteristics and required a very low resistive switching voltage (±0.8 V) for its operation. Two distinct and well-resolved resistance states with a remarkable 103 memory window were achieved at 0.2-V read voltage. The developed device switched successfully in consecutive 102 switching cycles and was stable over 102 seconds without any observable degradation in the resistive switching states. In addition to this, the charge–magnetic flux curve was observed to be a single-valued function at a higher magnitude of the flux and became double valued at a lower magnitude of the flux. The conduction mechanism of the ZnO thin film memristive device followed the space charge limited current, and resistive switching was due to the filamentary resistive switching effect.