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Electronic structure and optical properties of (Ga70La30)2S300 and (Ga69.75La29.75Er0.5)2S300 single crystals, novel light-converting materials

Research paper by V.V. Halyan, O.Y. Khyzhun; I.A. Ivashchenko; A.H. Kevshyn; I.D. Olekseyuk; P. Tyshchenko; O.P. Vovk; Y.V. Bulik

Indexed on: 04 Jun '18Published on: 31 May '18Published in: Physica B: Condensed Matter



Abstract

Publication date: 1 September 2018 Source:Physica B: Condensed Matter, Volume 544 Author(s): V.V. Halyan, O.Y. Khyzhun, I.A. Ivashchenko, A.H. Kevshyn, I.D. Olekseyuk, P. Tyshchenko, O.P. Vovk, Y.V. Bulik Electronic structure and optical properties were studied for novel (Ga70La30)2S300 and (Ga69.75La29.75Er0.5)2S300 single crystals synthesized by solution-melt technique. In particular, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was used to measure core-level binding energies and valence-band spectra for as-synthesized and Ar+ ion-irradiated surfaces of these crystals. Presented XPS measurements show that the (Ga70La30)2S300 and (Ga69.75La29.75Er0.5)2S300 single crystals are rather stable in relation to Ar+ ion-irradiation. X-ray emission (XE) S Kβ1,3 and Ga Kβ2 bands were measured for the (Ga70La30)2S300 crystal giving information on the energy distribution of the S 3p and Ga 4p states, respectively. A comparison of these XE bands on a common energy scale with the XPS valence-band spectrum of (Ga70La30)2S300 indicates that the principal contribution of the S 3p and Ga 4p states occurs mainly at the top and in the central part of the valence band, respectively. In addition, optical absorption and photoluminescence spectra of the crystals were explored. Energy band gap values are estimated as 2.01 and 1.99 eV at room temperature for the (Ga70La30)2S300 and (Ga69.75La29.75Er0.5)2S300 crystals, respectively. Observed high-intensity green photoluminescence band when excited by a laser emitting at 810 nm suggests that the (Ga69.75La29.75Er0.5)2S300 crystal is a very attractive material for infrared to visible light conversion.