Indexed on: 01 May '90Published on: 01 May '90Published in: Journal of Materials Science
The microstructures of inertia-friction weldments in a rapidly solidified, powder metallurgy Al-8.7Fe-2.8Mo-1V alloy were characterized using light and transmission electron microscopy. Extensive plastic deformation at the weld interface during the welding process was shown to fracture and disperse relatively coarse, spherical dispersoids present in the original base-metal microstructure, thereby resulting in a refined dispersoid size in this region. These fine dispersoids promoted an increase in hardness at the weld interface as compared to the unaffected base metal. Local regions of nonuniform interface deformation at the weld outer periphery resulted in a heterogeneous microstructure comprised of adjacent regions of high and low dispersoid density. The dispersoid-lean regions were characterized by appreciably coarsened alpha grains and a hardness well below that of the base metal. The greater extent of dispersoid-lean regions in welds produced with low axial force promoted preferential weld interface failure during three-point bend testing, while the near absence of these regions in welds produced with high axial force promoted failure in the unaffected base metal remote from the weld.